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History of Kyoto



Kyoto was founded in 794, the Kyoto's location was propitious for the new capital city, the river surrounded by mountains and forest convinced the emperors to make of Kyoto the Japanese capital city, and it was for more than a thousand years.

Kyoto's first name was Heian-kyo which means "capital of traquility and peace", and the Heian Period also begin with this fact, this period is considered to be related with the aristocratic elegance, poetry and art and in the Kyoto National Museum can still be seen many works of art from this period, after the Heian era the city was rename to Kyoto, in 1868 Tokyo was declared as the new japanese capital, in that times its name was Edo.

The following periods were the Kamakura Period, from 1185 to 1333, the Muromachi Period, from 1333 to 1573 and the Momoyama Period, from 1573 to 1598. During the Kamakura Period Japan was almost invaded by the Mongols twice, in 1274 and 1282, fortunately it didn`t happen because of storms.

The city, as many other japanese cities, suffered the big consequences of War, Kyoto passed through the Onin War, which last 1467 to 1477 and it took much time to get completely reconstructed, until middle 16th century, but another kind of war damaged the city, they were the samurai battles, with them the streets and palaces in Kyoto became all of a sudden into fortresses and battle camp, and the city was again destructed by fire.

During the Edo Period, from 1600 to 1868, Kyoto became a commercial and industrial center, the manufacture of kimonos, paper making, and other aspects as ceramics, architecture, festivals and cuisine had flourished. In 1788 another fire almost destroyed all the city, the city reconstruction began again in 1853.

Despite of not being attacked by the atomic bomb of the United States in World War II, Kyoto suffered a lot to be reconstructed, but at last the citizens had made a good work, now Kyoto is a modern as well as traditional city, a good example of courage and development.





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