Todaiji or "Great Eastern Temple" is one of Japan's most eminent and historically important temples and a milestone of Nara. It was built in 752 as the main temple of all provincial Buddhist temples in Japan. Not only Todaiji contains the biggest Buddha's statue of Japan (Daibutsu), also Todaiji is the world's biggest wooden building, even though the present rebuilding of 1692 is only two thirds of the original temple's size.
Kofukuji was the favorite temple of the Fujiwara's family, the most important family clan for a long time in Nara and Heian Periods. The temple was shaped of 150 buildings. But now, pair of buildings of great historic value including a three and a five storied pagoda remains. The five storied pagoda is one of Japan's tallest and one of the emblems of Nara. Also the Kofukuji's Treasure House exposes a part of the temple's great art collection.
Kasuga Taisha is Nara's most acclaimed shrine. It was constructed the same time that the capital and consecrated to the deity responsible for the custody of the city. As the Ise Shrines, Kasuga Shrine had been regularly torn down and reconstructed every 20 years for several centuries. After was discontinued at the end of the Edo Period. Kasuga Taisha is known for its lanterns which were donated by devotees. These lanterns are lighting on the occasion of the Lantern Festivals in February and August.
Nara Park (Nara Koen) is a big and attractive park in central Nara, based in 1880. Here the persons can find many of Nara's main attractions as Todaiji, Kasuga Taisha, Kofukuji and the Nara National Museum; a museum specialized in Buddhist art. The park is a dwelling for hundreds of deers that wander over there. People believe that the deers are messengers of the gods in Shinto; Nara's deer have become emblems of the city and have even been nominated as National Treasure.
The Emperor Temmu constructed the Yakushiji temple in the late years of the 7th century for the recuperation of the emperor's sick wife. Also it's one of Japan's oldest temples; Yakushiji used several standards symmetric, a Chinese style layout, with the center main and lecture halls standing on a central axis, flanked by two pagodas. The main hall was remodeled in the 1970s after a fire. The east pagoda is the temple's structure that survived to the fires and dates from 730.
Toshodaiji is a very special temple; it was founded in the year 759 by Ganjin. Ganjin's tomb and the Miedo, a hall which stores a popular wooden statue of Ganjin, are situated on the temple floors. The statue is exhibited to the public only once a year on June 6, in the commemoration of Ganjin's death.
Founded by Prince Shotoku, Horyuji is one of Japan's oldest temples. Its prime hall, five storied pagoda and central gate, all located in the temple's Saiin Garan (Western Precinct) and dating from the 7th century, are the world's oldest surviving wooden structures.
In 1993, Horyuji was established as a UNESCO world heritage site. Different of many other historic monuments in Japan, Horyuji is accessible and offers pamphlets in many foreign languages.
Naramachi is the antecedent merchant district of Nara, where many of the traditional warehouses and residential buildings have subsisted. Between them as example the Naramachi Koshi-no-ie, old residences open to the public for free. Small boutiques, shops, cafes and restaurants can also be located along the district's narrow lanes.