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History of Nara

Nara is situated in the north of Nara Basin where the Japanese empire was born in prehistoric times. The city was built through Baekje (located in the Korean peninsula) with Chinese influence. In Nara and South Korea, it is extensively affirmed that most of the city's notable monuments (the Great Buddha, Horyuji, etc) were built by Baekje architects and some persons consider that the city's name itself derives from the Baekje word for "nation" (narat or nara), which has persisted to modern times transforming the Korean word "nara". Others consider that it is derived from Nadaraka, lit, flat place.

Nara was the capital of Japan in 710 to AD 784. The royal court of Empress Gemmei created a new capital modeled after the capital of Tang China, Chang'an, in AD 710. High civilization of the Middle Kingdom was inserted into Nara during the eighth century, after of the fall of Baekje and the arrival of a massive influx of Korean people. Buddhism was developed under royal patronage. Even after the capital transferred to Kyoto in 784, Buddhist temples prevailed powerful and enjoyed religious fame. Nara had been a Buddhist town for a long time.

In the modern age, Nara is a local centre of commerce and government, for the prefectural government was stayed here. The city was officially consolidated on 1 February 1898.

Nara tends to be calm and serene. Perhaps this reason is the cause, why the wild deer seem to be near at home, they are wandering the temple grounds and even the city streets. The deer are considered according to tradition sacred messengers from the Gods. Nara Park, also called Deer Park, is to the east of Nara station and contains most of the city's main attractions.

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